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Last Updated : Mar 3 2021 8:21PM     Screen Reader Access
News Highlights
New National Education Policy focuses on providing self-confidence to youth through education & skill, to build Aatmanirbhar Bharat: PM            PM urges People should do everything possible to ensure protection of country's forests, safe habitats for animals            Over one crore 56 lakh people vaccinated so far; Centre allows more private hospitals to administer COVID-19 vaccine            Indian Air Force to participate for the first time in Exercise Desert Flag beginning in UAE today            Swiss open badminton: Many Indians to play their opening round singles matches today           

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World News

2220 HRS
23.01.2021

NAMASKAR! A warm welcome to 'World News: an Indian perspective', on All India Radio. This is PRASHANT KUMAR SINHA and with me is RESHMA TIWARI bringing glimpses of major developments of the day from across the globe. Over the next half an hour, we shall bring you the latest from the world of politics, economy, sports, entertainment and more.


COVID OPENING

As the world fights the COVID-19 pandemic, we begin the programme with a message of caution to stay safe and protected by following these three simple steps:

  • Wear a face mask.

  • Maintain social distancing.

  • Focus on hand and face hygiene. 

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THE HEADLINES:

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi says, from LAC to LOC, World is witnessing powerful self-reliant India as dreamt by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.

  • WHO Chief lauds India for its role in global response against COVID pandemic.

  • Covax initiative signs agreement with Pfizer for 40 million doses of COVID vaccine to poor and lower-middle income countries.

  • U.S. Senate agrees to push back former President Trump’s impeachment trial by two weeks.

  • Portugal to elect its new President on Sunday amid coronavirus lockdown. 

  • In Tennis, Andy Murray Withdraws from the Australian Open.

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India paid homage to its great freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose on his birth anniversary on Saturday. It was on this day in 1897, Neta Ji was born in Cuttack, Odisha. The year-long celebrations to commemorate 125th birth anniversary year of Netaji also began today. Indian Government has decided to celebrate the birth anniversary of Netaji as 'Parakram Diwas' every year.

During the freedom struggle Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose stressed on the need to unite against the British rule. He appealed to the countrymen to fulfill their duties towards India. 

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PM-NETAJI

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said that from LAC to LOC, the world is witnessing a powerful self-reliant India that was once dreamt by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. He told that India today is giving a befitting reply wherever attempts are made to challenge its sovereignty. Mr Modi was addressing the gathering at Victoria memorial in Kolkata on Saturday after inaugurating Parakram Diwas celebrations.

Parakram Diwas celebrations mark the 125th Birth Anniversary year of Netaji across the country. The Prime Minister said that Netaji dreamt of making India self reliant and he would have been proud to see India advancing towards achieving the target.

Recalling his sacrifice and contribution to India, the Prime Minister said, it is our duty to keep remembering him as Netaji is an inspiration for Country's courage. Mr Modi said, when the country is entering 75 years of its independence this year, when the country is moving forward with the resolve of self-reliant India, then Netaji's life, his work, his indomitable spirit and his decision are source of big inspiration for all of us.

The Prime Minister said, Netaji shook the consciousness of Indians living abroad and made the people of every caste, creed and every region from all over the country a soldier of the country. Praising the way India is fighting the Covid pandemic and helping neighbouring countries by supplying covid-19 vaccines, the Prime Minister said, as Netaji played the similar role for the freedom of India. Praising Netaji’s leadership and vision, Mr Modi said that Netaji created an all women regiment, the regiment of Jhansi ki Rani at a time when people were expressing doubt in the capability of women.

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RAJNATH-BOSE

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has saluted Netaji on his birth anniversary and remembered his contribution in the fight against freedom from British rule. Mr. Singh said in a tweet, Netaji is one of the greatest heroes of the country who made the supreme sacrifice for the freedom of the country. He said, the nation will always be indebted to him. 

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GOVT - VACCINE

Government has said that more than 1.5 million beneficiaries have been vaccinated for COVID-19 till today across the country. Briefing media on Covid Vaccine, Additional Health Secretary, Dr Manohar Agnani said, the hospitalization against vaccination is only 0.0007 per cent. Mr Agnani said, six deaths have been reported till date and none of these deaths have been casually linked with covid-19 vaccination. 

Meanwhile a training of immunization programme managers of 13 foreign countries including Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, Maldives, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal and Sri Lanka using Indian vaccine has been successfully conducted by the Ministry.

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WHO -INDIA

World Health Organization (WHO) Chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus has expressed gratitude to India and Prime Minister Narendra Modi for continued support to the global COVID-19 response against the pandemic.

In a tweet the WHO Chief said, only if we act together, including sharing of knowledge, we can stop this virus and save lives and livelihoods.

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WHO VACCINE

The World Health Organization has announced the signing of an advance purchase agreement securing up to 40 million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID vaccine. The move is a part of the UN-led COVAX equitable vaccine supply programme.

WHO said, it should be able to start delivering vaccines to poor and lower-middle income countries next month under the COVAX programme.

Pfizer’s vaccine is so far the only one that has WHO emergency approval. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that the new agreement with Pfizer should allow vaccinations to begin in February for health workers. 

Mr. Tedros said,  the urgent and equitable rollout of vaccines is not just a moral imperative, it’s also a strategic and economic imperative. WHO chief hoped that the agreement with Pfizer will help to enable COVAX to save lives, stabilize health systems and drive the global economic recovery. He said, it would also encourage other countries to donate more of their Pfizer shots to support rapid roll-out.

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US SENATE

The U.S. Senate on Friday voted overwhelmingly to confirm retired Army General Lloyd Austin as President Joe Biden’s defense secretary. Lawmakers from both parties said they were pleased that Austin would be heading the Pentagon.

Meanwhile, the U.S. Senate Finance Committee has unanimously approved Janet Yellen’s nomination as the first woman Treasury secretary. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer has said that the full Senate would vote on Yellen’s nomination on Monday. 

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TRUMP IMPEACHMENT

The leaders of the U.S. Senate have agreed to push back former President Donald Trump’s impeachment trial by two weeks.  This will give the chamber more time to focus on President Joe Biden’s legislative agenda and Cabinet nominees before turning to the contentious showdown over Trump.

The House of Representatives last week charged Mr Trump with inciting a deadly riot at the US Capitol, paving the way for a Senate trial. If convicted, he could be barred from future office.

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PORTUGAL ELECTIONS

Portugal will elect a new president on Sunday amid a surge in coronavirus cases. Voting is the only reason people are permitted to leave home for anything other than essential work or trips under the current nationwide lockdown rules.

According to Portugal's constitution Elections cannot be postponed during a state of emergency. The government is easing lockdown restrictions to allow citizens to cast vote .

In Portugal most executive power lies with the government however President can order Parliament or the Supreme Court to review legislation.

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CHINA COVID

China continued to record a steady rise in COVID-19 cases on Saturday as it completes a year since Wuhan went into lockdown on 23rd January 2020. The novel coronavirus was detected first in Wuhan in late 2019. The National Health Commission said 206 new COVID-19 cases had been identified in the mainland on Saturday iout of which, 90 new cases were local infections. The new more infectious U.K. strain has also been detected in at least four cities. This comes just before the Lunar New Year festivities, when migrant workers all over China expect to head home to celebrate the holiday with their families. The movement involving some 200 million people, is humanity’s biggest annual migration. Authorities are wary of a new surge surrounding next month’s Lunar New Year holiday and have urged people not to travel and to avoid gatherings as much as possible.

A panel of experts commissioned by the World Health Organization (WHO) criticized China and other countries this week for not moving to stem the initial outbreak earlier, prompting Beijing to concede that it could have done better. After months of negotiations, China finally gave permission last week for the WHO to send a team of international experts to begin investigating the virus’s origins. They are currently undergoing two weeks of quarantine.

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COVID UPDATES

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani has said that it will begin the COVID-19 vaccinations in the coming weeks. 

UK's Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said that there was evidence a new variant of COVID-19 discovered late last year could be associated with higher mortality. Johnson said, however that all the current evidence showed both vaccines remained effective against old and new variants.

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NETAJI-PARAKRAM DIWAS

As the nation is today paying homage to the great freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose on his birth anniversary. Let us listen to our special programme on Life and Times of Netaji.


A salute to the pride of free India ....  It is not merely a salute but a reverberation of the pride of the nation.  For the first time in the history of India these two words were coined by the then resident of Madras, C Pillai. Call it a coincidence that in 1933, Pillai was in Europe and he had a chance meeting with Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in Austria. Pillai’s unique salutation for the freedom movement touched the cord with Netaji and Jai Hind became the proverbial victory sound of India’s freedom.


SUBHASH SPEECH

Whenever we talk about Subhash Chandra Bose, his famous slogan “ You give me  blood,  I will give you independence”  just comes to the mind. The slogan which was a part of one of his speeches became a source of inspiration for those who fought for the freedom of India. The occasion was on 22nd September 1944 when Netaji remembered the martyrs of Indian National Army or the Azad Hind Fauz. Here are the words of Netaji recreated for our listeners -

Born on 23rd Jan 1897 in Cuttack, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was a revolutionary. Patriotism was his hallmark and he made it a point to ensure the freedom of India.  Since his childhood days, he was very much disturbed by the slavery of India under the Britishers. In fact, it acted as a catalyst for him to dedicate himself for the liberation of India from the British rule. Addressing  Azad Hind Fauz , Netaji expressed his angst and the quest for Independence.

Subhash Chandra Bose had all the qualities of  a leader which became visible from his college days. After completing primary education at the Protestant school in Cuttack, he joined Ravenshaw Collegiate School in 1909. According to Netaji’s biographers, Beni Madhav Das, the Principal of Ravenshaw School left a deep impact on the minds of young Subhash. The impact was so powerful that by the age of 15 years, he had gone through the entire literary works of Swami Vivekanand. In 1916, Netaji took admission at the Presidency College, Kolkata.  During a fight between teachers and students at the college on some issues,  Netaji took over the leadership of students. It led to his expulsion from the college. But, he was unruffled.

His next destination was Cambridge. In the open environment in Britain, his quest for Independence gathered momentum.  Netaji then qualified for civil services but  refused to serve under the British government, renowned historian Kapil Kapoor  says this is a reflection of how fiercely he was thinking about a free India out of the slavery of British Government .

While residing in Britain, Netaji was very much influenced by the views of Gandhiji. He returned in India in 1921 and met Mahatma Gandhi in Mumbai on 20th July 1921. Gandhiji advised him to return to Kolkata and work with Deshbandhu Chitranjan Das. After this,  Netaji took plunge in the freedom struggle. His leadership and strategic thinking made him the favourite of the youth engaged in the freedom movement.

Netaji started Independent League for the youth with Jawaharlal Nehru. In 1927, the independent league organised nationwide protest against the visit of Simon commission to India. Shubash Chandra Bose led the protest march against the Simon commission in Kolkata.

Frequent imprisonments took a toll on the health of Netaji during this period. In 1931 the death sentence of Bhagat Singh and lack of active organised efforts by Mahatma Gandhi to ensure his release from the jail hurt Netaji a lot. He started thinking along the lines of how to fight the Britishers and ensure the freedom of India. Subhash Chandra Bose thought that it will be wise to take the help of the enemies of the Britishers - Hitler and Mussolini in the freedom movement. At the same time, he gave up on the non violent movement of Gandhiji.  Subhash Chandra Boses then visited Europe during 1933 to 1936. He met Musolini in Italy and De-Vallera in Ireland and sought their support for India’s freedom struggler

Backed by his leadership qualities and strategic thinking, in no time Subash Chandra Bose became one of the most powerful Congress leaders. In the beginning he worked with Gandhiji. However his stature became so big that in 1938 Haripura Congress Session, Netaji defeated Gandhiji’s candidate Pattabhi Sitaramaih to become the Congress President. After this the distance between Netaji and Gandhiji increased both in terms of thinking as well as ideology.  It culminated with Netaji’s resignation from the Congress. Hestorian Makkhan Lal talks about the nationalistic ideals of Netaji .

Netaji’s personality is reflected in new dimensions after his separation from the congress. In 1939 he founded the Forward Block. and here after revolutionary change emerges in the thinking of Subhash Chandra Bose. It will be prudent to recall that he was the leader of the Garam Dal in congress, however after separating from the congress he lost faith in peaceful struggle for freedom. His belief in armed struggle increased tremendously as well his thinking became too deep to understand the soul of India.  PM Modi remembered Netaji’s thinking on 75th anniversary of Azad Hind Sarkar.

The year 1939 has written to change the world. The British Government grew suspicious of revolutionary Subhash Chandra Bose at the beginning of the  World War-II. He was detained. Subhash took the detention as  an opportunity. He left home in disguise and reached Germany via Afghanistan and Soviet Union. In Germany, he started gathering support for freedom struggle and met Hitler on 29th May 1942. On not getting enough assurance of support from Hitler, he left for East Asea in a submarine and reached Indonesia. There he met Revolutionary leader Ras Bihari Bose and on his insistence he took command of Azad Hind Fauz. On this occasion, he enumerated important points on the Freedom of India.

From there, Netaji started struggle for freedom of India. Those days Japan was fighting the British. Netaji wanted the cooperation of Japan for country’s freedom. Impressed by the personality of Netaji, the Prime Minister of Japan assured his support. Netaji addressed Japan parliament during this period. His speech left the Japanese people spell bound and he became the darling of Japan. Reaching Singapore he founded Azad Hind Fauz on 21st October 1943. In 2018, PM Modi remembered the country’s first vernacular government.....

Netaji started Armed Struggle for freedom with the help of Japan. During this he has given the call “Dilli Chalo”. Under his leadership and with the help of Japanese Army, Azad Hind Fauz succeeded in liberating Andaman Nirobar Islands on 30th September 1943. During this struggle, he reached Burma on 4th July 1944 and started fighting the Britishers at Indian Borders. In between, Azad Hind Fauz attacked Imphal & Kohima.

Very few people know that Netaji had First called Gandhiji as “Rashtrapita”. He had addressed Gandhiji on July 6, 1944 in a Radio Broadcast and advanced reasons for armed struggle being righteous.

Netaji was an advocate of making East Asia a powerful group...

As the English forces started to dominate… the INA had to retreat... Meanwhile, Japan was defeated after America dropped atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima… But, Netaji decided to seek cooperation from Russia to achieve his goal... In this connection, he was going to Russia from Manchuria on August 18, 1945 ... It is said that his plane crashed during this journey ... According to Japanese Radio, this hero of the Indian independence movement succumbed in this accident...

There are innumerable stories on Netaji which are yet to come out… With the efforts of Prime Minister Modi, more than a thousand documents related to Netaji have now been made public. They can be seen in the National Archives…

According to a document, Netaji's last words were ‘Tell people that I fought for the independence of my country till the last breath … This fight needs to continue and I am confident that India will soon be free. No one can keep India a slave now’. Netaji's armed struggle may not have been successful during his lifetime but a year after his death, the Indian Navy revolted in 1946 which resulted in India's independence. Whenever India's independence will be discussed. Netaji’s powerful words will keep reverberating... and his struggle will be remembered.

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CYCLONE ELOISE

Tropical cyclone Eloise made landfall in the coastal city of Beira of Mozambique early on Saturday.  It hit the coastal city with huge gusts of wind and heavy rains, but was losing strength as it progressed.  Mbazhi Maliage, forecaster at South African Weather Service said that the cyclone had been downgraded to a moderate tropical storm with wind speeds of between 90-100 kph. It was expected to weaken further as it enters northern parts of South Africa.

The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) late on Friday had upgraded the storm to a tropical cyclone with strength equivalent to a Category Two storm with maximum wind speeds of 154-177 kph.

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FPR

Now let us take a look at the major developments around the world, as reported in the foreign press:


  • New York Times has reported that health officials in US are frustrated that hospitals are running out of vaccines.

  • The Guardian writes that impeachment trial of Donald Trump will begin  the week of  8th February.

  • Gulf news has reported that Twitter has suspended an account linked to Iran’s Supreme Leader  after an apparent threat to Donald Trump.

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SPORTS

In Tennis, Andy Murray has decided to opt out of Australian Open. He has opted out as he could not find a way to have workable quarantine.

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