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Apr 17, 2021

India take various steps for conservation of migratory species

AIR Pics
India has undertaken various steps for the conservation of migratory species. In February last year, India hosted the 13th Conference of Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS).

India was able to successfully list Asian Elephant, Great Indian Bustard and Bengal Florican to the Appendix I of CMS for cooperative action from the range countries of these species. India is currently the President of CMS Conference of Parties. For the first time, India has been elected as a Chair of the CMS Standing Committee.

The government with the help of scientific communities and Civil Society Organizations has taken many actions as was promised during the 13th Conference of Parties (COP). 'The Marine Mega Fauna Stranding Management Guidelines' have been launched which is the first of its kind in the country. 'National Marine Turtle Action Plan for the period extending from 2021 to 2026 has also been launched. It focuses on reducing threats, conserving critical habitat, exchanging scientific data and increasing public awareness. It emphasizes on participatory approach for conservation of marine turtles and its habitats.

A new National programme, 'Project Dolphin' was announced last year for more focussed conservation of both riverine and marine Dolphins. AIR correspondent reports, various steps have been taken for the protection of the Great Indian Bustard and Associated Species. These include conservation breeding, identification of critical power lines stretches to mitigate collision-related mortalities amongst others.

The government has also launched a five-year Action Plan for Vulture Conservation in India. Last year on International Snow Leopard Day, Himal Sanrakshak Community Volunteer Programme was launched.

In the programme, a cadre of 100 volunteers from local communities in the Himalayan region is being developed to support the government in conservation and sustainable management of high-altitude ecosystems. India is also working with other countries for conservation of migratory species.

For instance, India and Bangladesh have signed a Protocol on Trans-boundary Elephant Conservation. It aims at conservation of Elephants including their safe natural migration across international Borders as well as mitigation of Human-Elephant Conflicts. 

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